Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.
"Architecture" can mean:
- A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures.
- The art and science of designing buildings and (some) nonbuilding structures.
- The style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures.
- The practice of the architect,
where architecture means offering or rendering professional services in
connection with the design and construction of buildings, or built
- The design activity of the architect, from the macro-level (urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture).
Architecture has to do with planning, designing and constructing
form, space and ambience to reflect functional, technical, social,
environmental and aesthetic considerations. It requires the creative
manipulation and coordination of materials and technology, and of light
and shadow. Often, conflicting requirements must be resolved. The
practise of Architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of
realizing buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost
estimation and construction administration. Documentation produced by
architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications,
defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed.
The word "architecture" has also been adopted to describe other designed systems, especially in information technology.