In recent years, "entrepreneurship" has been extended from its origins in business to include social and political activity.
Entrepreneurship within an existing firm or large organization has been referred to as intrapreneurship and may include corporate ventures where large entities spin off subsidiary organizations.
Entrepreneurs are leaders willing to take risk and exercise initiative,
taking advantage of market opportunities by planning, organizing, and
employing resources, often by innovating new or improving existing products. More recently, the term entrepreneurship has been extended to include a specific mindset (see also entrepreneurial mindset) resulting in entrepreneurial initiatives, e.g. in the form of social entrepreneurship, political entrepreneurship, or knowledge entrepreneurship.
According to Paul Reynolds, founder of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor,
"by the time they reach their retirement years, half of all working men
in the United States probably have a period of self-employment of one
or more years; one in four may have engaged in self-employment for six
or more years. Participating in a new business creation is a common
activity among U.S. workers over the course of their careers." In recent years, entrepreneurship has been claimed as a major driver of economic growth in both the United States and Western Europe.
Entrepreneurial activities differ substantially depending on the type
of organization and creativity involved. Entrepreneurship ranges in
scale from solo, part-time projects to large-scale undertakings that
create many jobs. Many "high value" entrepreneurial ventures seek venture capital or angel funding (seed money) in order to raise capital for building the business. Many organizations exist to support would-be entrepreneurs, including specialized government agencies, business incubators, science parks, and some NGOs.
Beginning in 2008, an annual "Global Entrepreneurship Week"
event aimed at "exposing people to the benefits of entrepreneurship"
and getting them to "participate in entrepreneurial-related activities".